Artyści (Albrecht Meyer…

Artyści (Albrecht Meyer rysunki, pan od „przenoszenia” rysunków na drewniane bloczki Heinrich Füllmaurer, drukarz Vitus Rudolph Speckle, redaktorem był Leonhart Fuch) pracujący nad ilustracjami do De Historia Stirpium Commentarii Insignes. Prawdopodobnie 1542 rok. Cała książka na dole w linkach w obu wersjach. Jest to pierwszy „kompletny” zielnik. Dodam kilka rysunków w komentarzach.
„De Historia Stirpium Commentarii Insignes (Notable Commentaries on the History of Plants) is a book by Leonhart Fuchs on herbal plants published in Basel in 1542. It was illustrated by: Albrecht Meyer, who made drawings based on the actual plants; Heinrich Füllmaurer, who transferred the drawings to woodblock; and Vitus Rudolph Speckle, who cut the blocks and printed the drawings. It covers about 497 plants and has over 500 woodcut illustrations. Over 100 of the plants in the book were first descriptions. The University of Glasgow states that it is considered a landmark work in its field. Stanford University Press considers it one of the best illustrated books of all time and a masterpiece of the German Renaissance. It set a new standard for accuracy and quality, as well as being the first known publication of plants from the Americas, such as pumpkin, maize, marigold, potato, and tobacco. Plants were identified in German, Greek, and Latin, and sometimes English. The book was initially published in Latin and Greek and quickly translated into German. Just during Fuchs’ lifetime the book went through 39 printings in Dutch, French, German, Latin, and Spanish and 20 years after his death was translated into English.”
„Describing and illustrating 400 native German and 100 foreign plants– wild and domestic—in alphabetical order, with a discussion of their medical uses, De historia stirpium was probably inspired by the pioneering effort of Otto Brunfels, whose Herbarum vivae imagines had appeared twelve years earlier. “These two works have rightly been ascribed importance in the history of botany, and for two reasons. In the first place they established the requisites of botanical illustration—verisimilitude in form and habit, and accuracy of significant detail. . . . Secondly they provided a corpus of plant species which were identifiable with a considerable degree of certainty by any reasonably careful observer, no matter by what classical or vernacular names they were called. . .”
Alan Morton, History of Botanical Science
Cała książka tutaj: http://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/view/PR-SEL-00002-00081/343
Cała książka: http://library.si.edu/digital-library/book/dehistoriastirp00fuch
#starszezwoje – tag ze starymi grafikami, miedziorytami, rysunkami z muzeów oraz fotografiami
#historia #ciekawostki #ciekawostkihistoryczne #gruparatowaniapoziomu #ksiazki #nauka #biologia #botanika #myrmekochoria

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